1. John is…… persistent………,he never
gives up and always finishes what
2. I was made…………redundant…………when
the company closed down.
3. That club is
very…exclusive……,only rich people can afford to go there.
4. It's……typical…………of Tom to be 10
minutes late for his appointments.
5. You should try to
get…along………with Tom, he's your brother after all.
The theme of guilt appeared at the beginning of the novel. Indeed, it appeared
at the beginning. When the convict met Pip in the marshes, he threatened Pip
and ordered him to bring a file and some
food or he would cut his throat.
Later lying in bed, Pip thought about the hulk where he would be one day as he
was going to rob Mrs. Joe. He was very frightened and he didn't sleep well that
night. When he stole the file from Joe's box of tools. When pip stole the food,
he also poured some brandy and replaced the brandy with some tar-water. At
Christmas, they had some guests included Uncle Pumblechook who was offered some
brandy, when he drank , he jumped up and began coughing. Pip was sure that he
had murdered him.
2. "You get me a file and some
food. Bring them to me tomorrow, or I will cut your heart out!" Comment
The dreadful man Pip met at the churchyard said these words to Pip when he knew
from Pip that he lived with the blacksmith, he took hold of both arms and
ordered him to get a file and some food or he would cut his heart out. He told
Pip that he had young friend hiding with him who
loved to take small boys' hearts.
3. Mrs. Joe appeared to be a bad
sister to Pip. Illustrate Indeed, the formal relationship between Pip and his
sister is evident, as he calls her Mrs. Joe. She is the dictator of the house.
She treats Pip
badly and vents(expresses) her anger
on both Pip and her husband Joe. She wants Pip to be grateful and thankful. Her
aggressive character was contradicted to Joe's mild-natured simplicity.
4. Miss Havisham's house refers to
her character. Elaborate The house was an old brick house that looked like a
deserted house next to a deserted brewery. The doors were locked and barred.
The inside of the house was completely dark and they used candles to lead them.
When Pip saw her, he said that she was the strangest lady he had ever seen or
shall see. He also said that everything was strange and sad. The house's name
is Satis which meant that whoever had that house could want nothing else.
5. What did Pip think of Estella?
Pip thought she was pretty and proud
but rude which made him like to go home. She treated him as if he were a dog,
she said that he was stupid with rough hands and awful clothes. She didn't look
at him or speak to him. She made him feel bad about his hands and clothes. As a
result he found a place where she couldn't see him and began to cry.
6. Pip told a lot of lies about his
visit to Miss Havisham. Discuss Out of fear of Mrs. Joe, he didn't want to talk
about Estella and didn't Pip was forced to tell lies. He told them that Miss
Havisham was tall and dark. Estella handed him wine and cake on a gold plate.
There were 4 dogs fighting over expensive meat in a silver basket. They all
played with flags and swords. Later he felt guilty and told Joe that he had lied
but decided not to tell Mrs. Joe the truth to avoid too much trouble.
7."Why don't you cry?"
Estella said these words to Pip at
Miss Havisham's house when she came out of the house to let him out of the
gate. Perhaps she saw his fear in his eyes so she asked him why he didn't cry.
When he told her that he didn't want, she told that he was about to cry.
Laughing, she pushed him out and locked the gate.
8. Joe allows Mrs. Joe to treat him
badly. Discuss Joe told Pip that his father used to hit his mother which forced
her to run away with Joe but returned back by her husband and hit them. He
believed that his father was good in his heart, but his problem was that he
drank too much. Both his parents died when he was still young. Finally, he met
Mrs. Joe and married her. He remembered how badly his father treated his mother
badly so he decided that he would never treated his wife badly. He would rather
endure her anger than be angry with her. He believed that his wife was a good
woman as she was looking after her baby brother.
9.What happened to Pip's sister?
Joe hired a man called Orlick to
help with the work. He was a big and unhappy man. When he heard that Pip took a
half holiday. He wanted one too. At first Joe refused, but Orlick argued, and
finally, Joe agreed. Mrs. Joe was angry at both Joe and Orlick who called her
some names. Joe and Orlick fought and Joe hit him hard. Mrs. Joe fainted and
Joe carried her to the house. Later, she was found lying on the kitchen floor.
She was hit on the back of the head and lay in bed for a long time, couldn't
remember or speak.
1- What do you know about Ishmael?
*Ishmael was a poor sailor and had
nothing to do on land so he decided to find a job on a whaler.
2- Why did Ishmael need a bed?
*He arrived in the evening and the
next boat would leave next Sunday so he needed a bed in an inn.
*All the inns were expensive and he
didn't have much money. Finally, he found an old, shabby inn called "The
3- Why did Ishmael have to share a
*The inn was full so he had to share
a bed with another whaling man 'harpooner' whose name was "Queequeg".
4- Describe Queequeg.
*The skin on his face was a purplish
yellow colour. It was covered in a pattern of dark coloured squares. There was
a small knot of hair twisted up on his forehead. His body was decorated in the
same way as his face. H e dressed in a very strange way. He put his hat on.
Then he went under the bed to put his boots on.
5- What do you know about Queequeg?
*Queequeg came from a small island
called Kokovoko which wasn't on any maps. His father was the king and Queequeg
wanted to see the world before he became king. So he found a job as a whaler
and became a good harpooner.
6- What did Ishmael and Queequeg
want to do?
* Ishamel and Queequeg became
friends. They wantedto go to sea for 3 years so they went on a ship called
7-Describe "The Pequod".
Her decks were rough and worn with
age. Parts of her masts were repaired with the trunks of trees. She didn't have
a wheel for steering. Instead she was steered by a long lever at the stern
which was made from the jawbone of a whale.
8- How did captain Ahab loose his
*The captain was called Ahab, he
lost a leg in a battle with a whale called "Moby Dick". It was huge,
white whale with a strange head and a humped back. It had a twisted jaw and 3
holes in one of its fins. It threw him into the air and had bitten off his leg.
*As a result, the captain had become
very bitter. He looked very fierce and there was a long scar down the side of
his face. His lost leg was replaced by an artificial one which was made from a
piece of whalebone. He put it into a small hole in the deck to let him stand
safely even in the worst weather.
9- what did he decide to do when he
caught Moby Dick?
* Captain Ahab would chase Moby Dick
until he would catch him and would roll over with black blood spout from his
mouth and his fins pointing to the sky. He would give a gold coin for the first
person to see the whale.
1o-What was Starbuck's opinion on
*The chief officer, Starbuck was
calm and reliable. He told Ahab to seek revenge on an innocent animal is an
offence against God.
Questions with model answers :-
1. Give a brief account on John
Milton was born in England into a
He devoted himself to poetry
He had a strong feeling that he had
a mission in life through poetry
• He believed that he could, as a
poet, teach man better and nobler
ways of living and thinking
• He became a priest, but decided
against it because he didn’t agree
with some of the things that were
happening in the church in his time.
Milton was arrested and imprisoned.
His books were burnt. But he
was saved, he probably owed his
escape from death to his blindness.
A fire in London destroyed his
house. He moved from place to place
until he settled down on the
outskirts of London
Believing as he did that he had been
chosen by God for a special
purpose, he now found himself
questioning the will and wisdom of
God in afflicting him with a
disability which must prevent him from
performing his chosen duties
Anyway, his blindness forced him to
depend on his daughters for an
assistance with his reading and
2. When I consider how my light is
spent, Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide,
And that one talent which is death
to hide, Lodg'd with me useless, though my soul more bent
To serve therewith my Maker, and
present My true account, lest the returning chide.
Doth god exact day- labour, light
denied. I fondly ask ;but patience to prevent
Paraphrase the previous lines and
pick out THREE figures of speech.
The octet; The poem opens by
lamenting over the loss of his eyesight before
even completing half of his lifetime
which for him has become dark.
He says that he no longer can use
that gift although his soul is very
anxious. He adds that he's very
eager to serve God and present a
good account to please him. He asks
himself : "How can God expect
me to be able to work for Him when I
The Figures of speech:
a) metaphor :
Line 1 "When I consider how my
light is spent,"
Line 2 " Ere half my days, in
this dark world and wide,"
Line 5 " To serve therewith
’my‘ and ’Maker‘.
Line 7 " Doth God exact day-lab
our, light denied."
3. What is the rhyme scheme of the
Rhyme Scheme: a b b a a b b a
4. That murmur, soon replies, God
doth not need Either man's work or His own gifts :who best
Bear His mild yoke, they serve Him
best. His state Is kingly. Thousands at His bidding speed
And post o'er land and ocean without
rest: They also serve who only stand and wait. Paraphrase the previous lines
and pick out THREE figures of speech. Paraphrase: But patience stops him &
tells him that is a foolish question as God doesn't need neither man's work nor
the gifts the He has given to him
It's people who obey Him &
submit to his will who serve Him best. He is a great king. Thousands of people
are active in his service all the time. The people who stand and wait for His
orders also serve Him. Literary terms
Line 11 " Bear His mild
Line 8 – 9 " ـــــــــــbut
patience to prevent that murmur, soon replies,"ــــــــــ
Line 12 " Is kingly. Thousands
at His bidding speed"
5. What is the rhyme scheme of the
Rhyme Scheme: c d e c d e
6. What is the form of this poem?
,On His Blindness" is an
Italian sonnet divided into two parts; an octet of eight lines, and a sestet of
six lines. The octet contains the problem or the question, and the sestet
offers the answer.
7. What is the meter of this poem?
It's the iambic pentameter
8. What's the difference between the
octet and the sestet in this sonnet?
The octet: Expresses the poet's
sorrow for losing his sight Milton is the central character: there are 8
pronouns relating to him: I, me, my" The sestet: Expresses the greatness
& wisdom of God & the poet's acceptance of His will God becomes the
central figure: there are 6 nouns & pronouns relating to Him: God, Him,